# How to Convert Strings to Integers in a Python List

You may apply either of the two approaches below in order to convert strings to integers in a Python list:

(1) Using map

```my_list = ['value1','value2','value3',...]
my_list = list(map(int, my_list))
```

(2) Using list comprehension

```my_list = ['value1','value2','value3',...]
my_list = [int(i) for i in my_list]
```

Let’s now review several examples.

## Using Map to Convert Strings to Integers in a Python List

Suppose that you have a list that contains 5 values, where each value is stored as a string (by placing each value within quotes):

```my_list = ['22','45','75','68','39']
print (my_list)
```

Here is how the list with the strings would look like:

``````['22', '45', '75', '68', '39']
``````

You can then use map in order to convert the strings to integers:

```my_list = ['22','45','75','68','39']
my_list = list(map(int, my_list))
print (my_list)
```

Once you run the code, you’ll see the list of integers (without any quotes around the values):

``````[22, 45, 75, 68, 39]
``````

Optionally, you may perform a further check to verify that the strings were converted to integers:

```my_list = ['22','45','75','68','39']
print (my_list)

for i in my_list:
check = type(i)
print (i,check)

my_list = list(map(int, my_list))
print (my_list)

for i in my_list:
check = type(i)
print (i,check)
```

The portion in yellow represents the strings prior to the conversion, while the portion in green represents the integers following the conversion:

``````['22', '45', '75', '68', '39']
22 <class 'str'>
45 <class 'str'>
75 <class 'str'>
68 <class 'str'>
39 <class 'str'>
[22, 45, 75, 68, 39]
22 <class 'int'>
45 <class 'int'>
75 <class 'int'>
68 <class 'int'>
39 <class 'int'>
``````

## Using List Comprehension to Convert Strings to Integers in a Python List

Alternatively, you may use the second approach to convert your strings to integers:

```my_list = ['value1','value2','value3',...]
my_list = [int(i) for i in my_list]
```

For our example:

```my_list = ['22','45','75','68','39']
my_list = [int(i) for i in my_list]
print (my_list)
```

The strings will be converted to integers:

``````[22, 45, 75, 68, 39]
``````

As before, you may apply the syntax below in order to verify that the strings were converted to integers:

```my_list = ['22','45','75','68','39']
print (my_list)

for i in my_list:
check = type(i)
print (i,check)

my_list = [int(i) for i in my_list]
print (my_list)

for i in my_list:
check = type(i)
print (i,check)
```

You’ll get the same results as the first approach:

``````['22', '45', '75', '68', '39']
22 <class 'str'>
45 <class 'str'>
75 <class 'str'>
68 <class 'str'>
39 <class 'str'>
[22, 45, 75, 68, 39]
22 <class 'int'>
45 <class 'int'>
75 <class 'int'>
68 <class 'int'>
39 <class 'int'>
``````

## Use Case: Why Convert Strings to Integers?

Let’s now review a simple use case, where we’ll have a list with strings. The goal is to deduct 5 from each value within the list:

```my_list = ['22','45','75','68','39']

for i in my_list:
i = i-5
```

If you try to apply the above code, you’ll get the following error:

TypeError: unsupported operand type(s) for -: ‘str’ and ‘int’

One way to overcome this error is by converting the strings to integers, so that you can perform various arithmetic calculations:

```my_list = ['22','45','75','68','39']
my_list = list(map(int, my_list))

new_list = []
for i in my_list:
i = i-5
new_list.append(i)

print (new_list)
```

Once the strings got converted to integers, you’ll be able to successfully deduct 5 from each value within the list:

``````[17, 40, 70, 63, 34]
``````

Using a list comprehension:

```my_list = ['22','45','75','68','39']
new_list = [int(i)-5 for i in my_list]

print (new_list)
```

And here is the result:

``````[17, 40, 70, 63, 34]
``````